From the Süddeutsche Zeitung 9. december 2021:
Award:« We are a small people and need friends»
Abba Naor receives the Bavarian Constitutional Order. At the award ceremony, he explains why he attends schools so tirelessly..
By Anna Schwarz, Dachau
Holocaust survivor Abba Naor was the first to receive the new constitutional order of the Bavarian state parliament on Wednesday. State Parliament President Ilse Aigner (CSU) honoured the 93-year-old in a festive setting in the presence of Israel's Consul General Carmela Shamir, State Parliament Vice President and Bavarian Memorial Foundation Director Karl Freller and the Presidium.
SPANISH DEPORTEES, WHAT HAPPENED TO THEM BEFORE THEIR ARRIVAL IN DACHAU.
One of the events held in celebration of the 76th anniversary of the liberation of the Dachau concentration camp was the awarding of the Stavnislaw Zámêcnik prize to Johannes Meerwald for his research work entitled "Spanish prisoners in the Dachau Concentration Camp (1940-1944), deportation, detention, consequences".
This study on the Spanish deportees has once again highlighted their uniqueness. It is true that it was not a very large group compared with other groups of deportees of other nationalities. Around 750 people entered the camp (and it should be noted that some Spaniards were registered as having French nationality when they entered the camp, even though they were of Spanish origin).
Image: cedida por la Fundación Pablo Iglesias. Madrid
But as a group in itself it has a singularity that makes it different from all the other deportees, and that singularity lies in the fact that its anti-fascist history began in July 1936 to defend the legitimacy of the Second Spanish Republic after the military coup that gave rise to the Spanish war between 1936 and April 1939.
Spain was the first European theatre where a struggle against the advance of fascism and Nazism was initiated and fought. German and Italian support for General Francisco Franco's military coup, together with the neutrality of France and the United Kingdom, led to the collapse of the Second Republic. These two countries also forced the dissolution of the International Brigades that had arrived in Spain to support and defend the legitimacy of the Republican government. Europe did not understand that it had begun what years later would lead to the invasion of Poland and all that this action entailed.
Johannes Meerwald's work has led me to evoke and put into words what happened to a majority of Spaniards before their arrival in Dachau. I have wanted to use a short text to describe what happened to many families after that fateful 18 July 1936. This date marked the beginning for a large majority of women, men and children of events that led them years later, in January and February 1939, to cross the border into France in the hope of being free, but it became an exodus, an exile and an imprisonment behind barbed wire. In labour camps in France, in North Africa and in the Channel Islands... and finally being deported to the concentration camps of Nazi-ruled Germany.
To know what happened to this group of deportees before their arrival in Dachau is an act of Reparation with their Memory, it is to give word to their Silence and it is to transform Forgetting into Memory, and it is undoubtedly an improvement in the understanding of their lives.
Cristina Cristóbal Mechó
(Granddaughter of Fermín Cristóbal López 94139. Deported and died in Dachau)
Read more: BEFORE DACHAU..Web CID Spanish page. .
The Spaniards in transit: war, retreat, deportation, and silence.
Registration open for CID award
Stanislav Zámečník Research Award of the Comité International de Dachau
The Comité International de Dachau (CID) will again award the Stanislav Zámečník Study Prize in 2021. The CID's mission is to preserve the memory of the crimes committed in the Dachau concentration camp; it is an international association and consists of the organisations of former Dachau concentration camp inmates from 25 countries and their families. The Comité International de Dachau endows the study prize in memory of the victims of the National Socialist concentration and extermination camps, especially Dachau concentration camp. The prize has been awarded every two years since 2017; 6,000 euros are available for it.
Stanislav Zámečník (1922-2011) was a Czech survivor of Dachau concentration camp and historian. During his imprisonment in Dachau from 1941 to 1944, he was involved in activities of the camp's internal resistance. After liberation and his training as a historian, he worked on the first exhibition of the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial, which opened in 1965. After the suppression of the Prague Spring, he was banned from his profession for supporting it. It was not until 1989 that he was able to work unhindered as a scientist again. Zámečník published important articles in the "Dachauer Heften". In 2002, his monograph "Das war Dachau" (That was Dachau), which is still authoritative today, was published; it is a standard work and has been translated into many languages. As a member of the scientific advisory board, he exerted a formative influence on the redesign of the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial.
The 2021 commemoration
Access to the virtual commemorations can be found here.
Cid Award Ceremonies
29 April 2021,
Short speech by Jean-Michel Thomas President of the CID on the occasion of the commemoration of the 76th Liberation Day of the Dachau Concentration Camp
Images at the memorial
Vladimir Feierabend 7-7-1924 - 13-9-2020
"CID is saddened to announce the death of Vladimir Feierabend, Czech survivor of the Dachau camp.
A man of deep human qualities, he was one of the oldest active members of the Dachau International Committee's bodies, in which, without putting himself forward, he had a wise advisory role.
He had accompanied many classes of pupils to Dachau and was anxious to maintain the international character of the Camp Memorial".
We remember Dachau 'am Leitenberg'
The Dachau concentration camp was liberated on April 29, 1945. Every year we commemorate the liberation from Dachau. On the former concentration camp site, but also on the Leitenberg and the forest cemetery ‘Waldfriedhof’, the final resting place of many victims.
To remember what happened, is the first step to prevent it from happening again.
24 hours Dachau
Program about the liberation of Dachau and the future of commemoration
With contributions from Barbara Distel, Abba Naor and others.
Program ZDFInfo Doku, broadcast April 15, 2020
The program is spoken in German.
As long as..
As long as your grandchildren remember your story,
there's hope they need not experience your past.